Archive for Paternity Testing
Horse breeding is becoming more high-tech: By studying multiple parts of the Y chromosome in stallions, Austrian researchers are mapping out picturesque paternity lines that reveal how the modern sport horse came to be.
This “polymorphic” research—which investigates multiple genes on the Y chromosome (which is only present in males)—has led researchers to conclude that today’s European sport horse can be categorized into six major lines, said Barbara Wallner, PhD, of the Institute of Animal Breeding and Genetics at the University of Veterinary Medicine in Vienna.
These lines are represented by what scientists call “haplotypes,” which are DNA classifications based on close similarities of certain genome segments. These classifications indicate a major genetic difference from other haplotypes, suggesting different lines of breeding. In a 2011 study German researchers determined that modern horses had very little variation in the Y chromosome when compared to wild horses; Wallner’s group is focusing on what kinds of variations exist in the modern horse.
In today’s domestic European horse, the fact that there are only six haplotypes in the male lines is significant and represents very selective breeding, Wallner said. However, this isn’t cause for concern, as maternal lines still vary significantly. Last year, a group of Italian scientists found 18 haplotypes in modern horses worldwide based on maternal genes.
One of the Y chromosome haplotypes, which the scientists are calling “HT1,” seems to be the oldest and most common, Wallner said. The other five appear to have derived from HT1 when genes spontaneously mutated or converted, perhaps after domestication. All six of the haplotypes varied significantly from the two haplotypes previously identified in Przewalksi horses, she added.
One of these mutations (which led to haplotype “HT3”) began with the 18th-century undefeated English Thoroughbred racehorse and breeding stallion Eclipse, Wallner said. That mutation occurred in either Eclipse or one of his sons or grandsons. The HT3 line became very popular, as is reflected in breeding patterns, and is now one of the most common haplotypes among European sport horses, she said.
This genetic research complements pedigrees by giving a scientific aspect to breeding, according to Wallner. “Our data perfectly correlate to what is seen in the pedigrees,” she said.
Adding science to breeding is a step forward toward more refined breeding that focuses on genetic transfer. “With our ongoing sequencing projects, it should become possible to clearly differentiate individual paternal lines,” Wallner said. “This would provide a useful tool for paternity testing and the itemization of deep pedigrees.”
Wallner’s work focused primarily on European sport horses; she said she would anticipate other haplotypes if she had included more horses from other countries, in particular wild horses and mustangs.
Read More: The Horse
The presiding Judge, Justice Joyce Adiele, rejected the application on the ground that the petitioner had no basis to deny the paternity of the children since they had been part of his household.
She said that the petitioner had earlier told the court that the two sets of twins were his children and that he had great plans for them.
Adiele said that Section 69(c) of the Matrimonial Causes Act provides hat children in a marriage whether by birth or adoption are part of the marriage.
Harrison had pleaded with the court to dissolve his marriage to Mrs Julia Harrison over a disagreement on the paternity of the children.
In the suit number HUZ/2D/2011 brought through his counsel, Mr Stanley Amakwe, Harrison sought the leave of the court to dissolve the marriage on the ground that the marriage contract had broken down.
He said that the two sets of twins were adopted by his wife without his consent and that he would have nothing to do with them.
Harrison told the court that he initially accepted the children in his home out of sympathy, noting that it was time for them to leave with his wife.
Amakwe opposed a motion brought by counsel to the respondent for a paternity test on the grounds that the children were adopted and the adoption was done without the consent of the petitioner.
Counsel to Julia, Mr Nelson Emeruo told the court that the husband was the biological father of the children and stressed that the children were not adopted.
Emeruo applied for an order of the court for a DNA test between Harrison and the children to authenticate the claims of his client.
Read More: allAfrica
A WAVE of almost 800 cases in which men were found to be financially supporting children they did not father has prompted calls for counselling to be compulsory, and partly subsidised, whenever family DNA tests are conducted.
The national council of single mothers and their children believes that children who find out the men they thought were their fathers were not are being damaged by a system that does not look after the emotional dimension of DNA testing results.
Read More: The Australian
The Department of Child and Family Services, which performs DNA paternity tests when fatherhood is contested during a child support proceeding, spoke out against the bill.
DCFS Secretary Suzy Sonnier said that last year, fatherhood was established in more than 27,000 cases using means other than genetic testing, including birth certificates, voluntary acknowledgement and adjudication.
Paternity tests, on the other hand, were ordered in fewer than 4,500 cases. If the agency had to order tests in all 31,500 cases, it could cost more than $4 million annually, she said.
Multiple lawmakers also expressed concern with the bill, sponsored by Monroe Democrat Marcus Hunter, saying it runs afoul of stipulations in the Child Support Enforcement IV-D federal program, which helps locate non-custodial parents, establish support orders, and determine paternity. Sonnier said the department could risk losing hundreds of millions in federal funding from this program and others if the tests were mandatory.
Committee Vice Chair Nancy Landry, R-Lafayette, said the bill posed some “pretty serious consequences” to the state. She added under current law, a man who signs a birth certificate acknowledges that he is the presumptive father of the child.
Rep. Greg Miller, R-Norco, echoed this sentiment, saying Hunter’s bill would diminish the legal authority of signing a birth certificate and would be like “saying you can sign it if you want, but it really doesn’t mean anything.”
Hunter said he would work with DCFS and committee members to try to address concerns before bringing up the bill again in a future meeting. He said while he understands fellow lawmakers’ concerns in theory, in practice he said the bill would protect men who were told they were the father of a child and then later found this to be untrue.
“I don’t think that’s any different than someone buying a lemon car,” Hunter said. “Sometimes love clouds your better judgment.”
Read More: The Times-Picayne of Greater New Orleans
Late yesterday, two similar new shows emerged: CBS Television Distribution’s talk show The Testand MGM Television’s Paternity Court. And these may not be the last new shows to pop up ahead of next month’s NATPE conference in Miami.
The Test is a one-hour talk show is from Jay McGraw’s Stage 29 Productions, which produces The Doctors. It will be hosted by comedian-actor Kirk Fox, who has had parts in movies such asForgetting Sarah Marshall and TV shows like NBC’s Parks and Recreation.
On the show, Fox will use DNA and lie detector tests to settle paternity and relationship conflicts among his guests.
No launch group for The Test has been announced, although Tribune is considered a likely outlet.
Spokespersons for CBS and Stage 29 declined comment.
Paternity Court is a half-hour show with lawyer Lauren Lake who has appeared on shows including Dr. Phil. She will decide cases, in part, with the results of DNA tests.
The show from MGM and 79th & York Entertainment is executive produced by David Armour, whose credits include the original Ricki Lake and Queen Latifah shows.
Paternity Court has been picked up by stations belonging to CBS, Sinclair and Weigel, Cox, Capitol, Meredith, Local TV LLC, Journal and Fisher, according to MGM.
Elsewhere, sources say, NBCUniversal is said to be developing a new show, possibly as a companion to Steve Harvey, the surprise hit of this season.
Read More: TVNewsCheck
From the NY Post:
A $40 billion legal battle in LA might finally settle a question that has long baffled gossip columnists and fans alike: Who really fathered Michael Jackson’s children?
Sources within AEG — the concert promoter behind Jacko’s ill-fated “This Is It” tour and the entity being sued by Jackson’s mother and the three children for wrongful death — say that, despite the singer’s claims, only one of the kids is biologically his.
The company is prepared to uncover that only Blanket, 10, has the King of Pop’s DNA.
His older siblings, Prince, 16, and Paris, 15, had a different sperm donor, the sources say.
“There was a whole lot that Michael Jackson or his family wasn’t and isn’t being forthcoming about,” an AEG source said. “The drug use by Jackson, his use of alcohol, his relationship with his own family, and the identities of the children’s parents.”
Among the evidence AEG could present are sworn affidavits, including one from a mystery woman identified only as “Helena,” who could be Blanket’s mother.
Lawyers for the company also are prepared to present “irrefutable” proof that the Gloved One did not sire Prince and Paris, a source with direct knowledge of the case said. The company is poised to subpoena birth and other records.
Yvette Palazuelos, the presiding judge in the case, earlier this month declined AEG’s request to present evidence about paternity.
However, the company may be allowed to argue paternity issues later in a potential award phase in the case, which began with jury selection April 2 in LA Superior Court.
Legal experts say it doesn’t matter who the biological parents are. They say bringing up paternity is likely meant to embarrass the family.
The Jacksons seek to prove that AEG was complicit in Jacko’s death — hiring his now-convicted personal physician, Dr. Conrad Murray, and pushing the frail singer too hard to perform. Jackson died from acute propofol intoxication in 2009.
Jacko had always claimed to have used his own sperm to father his children. He acknowledged that the mother of Prince and Paris is his former nurse, Debbie Rowe.
The identity of Blanket’s mother, believed to be a Hispanic woman living in the San Diego area, has never been revealed.
But if AEG’s claims are true, the answer to who’s their daddy could come from a long list.
The singer’s former doctor, Arnold Klein, has said he is the biological father of Jacko’s two oldest children. Former bodyguard and karate instructor Matt Fiddes began pressing the family for a DNA test of Paris shortly after the “Thriller” singer’s death. And former child actor Mark Lester claims that he may have fathered Paris.
Jackson family members say they have little doubt who fathered Blanket.
“Blanket looks just like him. There is no doubt that he is Michael’s,” said one relative.
Blanket has even been treated for similar medical problems, including a skin condition, a family source told The Post. Jacko suffered from a disorder called vitiligo.
And Blanket’s love and knowledge of music parallels his dad’s, family members said.
“Blanket can really, really dance. Like his father,” Joseph Jackson said.
Q: My half-brother in the United States is planning to file an immigration petition for me. We have the same father although our father’s name was not listed on my birth certificate because he was not at the hospital when I was born. I assume that I should have my father’s name added to my birth certificate before I begin the visa application process, but is there anything else I must do?
A: In order for you to obtain an immigrant visa, you and your brother must provide convincing evidence that you share the same father. Simply adding your father’s name to your birth certificate now – decades after you were born – may not be sufficient proof that you and your brother are related to each other.
Many individuals submit written affidavits from other relatives and friends stating that a biological relationship exists between a parent and child. In general, the US Embassy in Kingston does not find these affidavits helpful. The individuals submitting affidavits are usually eager to see their relative or friend move to the United States, so their statements cannot be considered an unbiased source of information.
Before your visa interview, you should review your records to gather documentary evidence of your relationship with your father, such as old baptismal records, school records, medical records, or photos of you with your father. Recent documents or photos generally will not help you prove your relationship.
Unfortunately, many applicants in your position have very few historic records that clearly demonstrate a paternal relationship. In such cases, the consular section will suggest DNA testing when the intending immigrant visits the embassy for a visa interview. Applicants must follow the embassy’s guidelines for DNA testing; test results from unauthorised laboratories will not be accepted.
The immigrant visa application process likely would have been much simpler for you if your father’s name had been listed on your original birth certificate. The Consular Section encourages all parents to ensure their children’s vital records and other official documents are complete and well-maintained in case their children eventually wish to move to the United States.
Read More at the Jamaican Observer
Benigna Leguizamon, who worked as a cleaning lady for Lugo when he was a Roman Catholic bishop, said she did not know of the connection when she agreed to have the LB laboratory perform DNA tests to establish paternity.
She said she learned later, after allowing her blood to be taken for the test on March 25, that it was owned by the wife of the treasurer of Lugo’s political movement in Ciudad del Este, Paraguay.
“I trusted (in the laboratory) because I was sure that my son is Fernando’s son,” she said. “I had proposed another laboratory but they told me there was little time. So I accepted it.”
But she said if the test proves negative “I’m not going to forgive anybody,” adding that she would consider further legal action.
The development comes just days before national elections in April 21 in which Lugo is running for a senate seat.
He was forced out of the presidency in June after being impeached by the Congress over his handling of a deadly land dispute near the end of his four year term in office.
Leguizamon, who said she was 19 when she began have sexual relations with Lugo, brought the paternity suit in 2009 after another woman charged that Lugo had fathered her child, which he acknowledged.
He has recognized another son with a third woman. A fourth woman lost a paternity suit against him.
Michael Jordan’s alleged baby mama vows to continue her fight to prove the greatest NBA player of all time is indeed the father of her child … despite his legal attack on her.
As we previously reported Pamela Smith abruptly dropped her paternity lawsuit without explanation and Jordan immediately lashed out … asking the judge to nail her with attorney’s fees with his attorneys’ fees as well as sanctions.
Now Pamela’s getting specific … she did not drop the lawsuit because she’s waving the white flag — there was a technical legal problem with the docs and she plans on re-filing the paternity case STAT.
Pamela’s technical legal problem is actually amusing … before filing her case against Jordan, she forgot one little thing — removing her ex-husband from the birth certificate which lists him as the daddy.
The boy at the center of all this is 16-year-old Grant “Taj” Reynolds … an aspiring rapper.
At least he’ll have something to write about.